Centre Theatre

Description

The Centre Theatre opened on a February evening in 1939 with a Hollywood-style opening as "a thousand invited guest walked through the glare of spotlights while newsreel photographs turned their cranks and candid camera fans sniped from the sidelines." Crowds poured in to the theatre and turned to the circular proscenium covered with gold leaf and illuminated by hundreds of lights for a preview showing of "Tail Spin." The $400,000 new building was not just a theatre but included a whole complex with the WFBR radio station and studios, a branch bank office for the Equitable Trust Company, and a garage. Owner Morris A. Mechanic was born in Poland on December 21, 1904 and emigrated to Baltimore with his parents as a child. In 1929, Mechanic worked as the principal at a Hebrew School on West North Avenue and owned a chocolate shop downtown, when he decided to purchase the New Theatre as a real estate investment. The New Theatre's "box-office bonanza" success during a showing of "Sunny Side Up" encouraged him to stick with the theatre business for the rest of his life, owning dozens of theaters over the years before his death of a heart attack in July 1966.

The interior of the Centre Theatre featured a mural symbolizing entertainment and captioned, "Man works by day; night is for romance." by R. McGill Mackall, a MICA-trained Baltimore native who painted 53 large public murals in the city over his career. The design by Philadelphia architect Armand Carroll, described by the Sun as "conservatively modern" with decoration "intended to soothe rather than startle the spectator," won an award for "architectural attainment" from the Baltimore Association of Commerce as the best "Retail Commercial Building" built in 1939. When the theatre opened, Mechanic had an office on the second floor with a window "fitted with special glass... invisible from the theatre, the window permits anyone in the office to see the picture on the screen."

Morris Mechanic closed the theatre, later known as the Film Centre Theatre, on April 16, 1959, after the Equitable Trust Company announced plans to enlarge the complex and move their operations department into the building early in 1960. The bank planned to add a third story and "special dust-free areas... to create the exact atmospheric conditions required for the most efficient use of highly sensitive automated electronic equipment." One example offered for this new equipment included a $55,000 sorting machine that sorted checks and other documents at a rate of 1,000 a minute guided by "magnetic ink" rather than "the familiar punch card holes." The radio station and the bank remained through the 1990s, later purchased by a church and over the past few years has deteriorated significantly.

The building has a new future ahead after it was purchased by local non-profit developer Jubilee Baltimore with support from MICA and the American Communities Trust. The building will be restored and re-used as a for film screenings, music, artists' studios, galleries, a playhouse and more.

Audio Show

Charlie Duff on North Avenue

Charlie Duff discussing North Avenue as a center for entertainment in the past and present.

Charlie Duff on the Centre Theater

Charlie Duff describing the Centre Theater building and its history.

Photos Show

Centre Theatre, 1939

Photograph of the Centre Theatre, November 27, 1939.

Image courtesy the BG&E Collection, Baltimore Museum of Industry, BGE.12818.

Equitable Trust Company, 1971

Photograph of a teller assisting a customer at the Equitable Trust Company, February 4, 1971.

Image courtesy the BG&E Collection, Baltimore Museum of Industry, BGE.46622.

Equitable Trust Company, 1971

Photograph of the back office at the Equitable Trust Company, February 4, 1971.

Image courtesy the BG&E Collection, Baltimore Museum of Industry, BGE.46622.

Centre Theatre, 1939

Photograph of the Centre Theatre at St. Paul Street and North Avenue, July 19, 1939.

Image courtesy the BG&E Collection, Baltimore Museum of Industry, BGE.12520.

Centre Theatre, 2012

Photograph by Kurt Waters, 2012. Image courtesy Baltimore Heritage.

Detail, Centre Theatre, 2012

Photograph by Kurt Waters, 2012. Image courtesy Baltimore Heritage.

Cite this Page

Eli Pousson, Baltimore Heritage, “Centre Theatre,” Explore Baltimore Heritage, accessed April 17, 2014, http:/​/​explore.​baltimoreheritage.​org/​items/​show/​17.​
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