Old Otterbein Church

Old Otterbein Church, built in 1785, is one of the oldest churches still standing in Baltimore. With its classic brick and white trim tower (with bells brought over from Germany), the church shows off its landmark stature for countless Orioles fans and anybody traveling around downtown and Camden Yards.

Old Otterbein got its start in 1771, when a group of Baltimoreans erected a temporary chapel to house the German Evangelical Reformed Church. A few years later, the church hired Philip William Otterbein as pastor. Otterbein had come from Germany to Pennsylvania, and accepted the position in Baltimore as his fifth pastoral duty.

Otterbein apparently took to Baltimore, preaching at the church for 39 years and staying in the city for the rest of his life. Otterbein was a remarkable man. In 1784, he assisted Francis Asbury in founding the Methodist Episcopal Church, and in 1800, he and Martin Boehm helped found the United Brethren in Christ, with Otterbein's church in Baltimore as the cradle of the new denomination.

Members of Baltimore’s German immigrant community played a central role in the defense of Baltimore during the War of 1812 from Peter Gold and George Decker who volunteered as superintendents overseeing the construction of fortifications, Brigadier General John Stricker who commanded the Maryland Militia at the Battle of North Point (and later became Vice-President of the German Society of Maryland), and the Baltimore Jagers and die Union Jagers - two companies of German immigrants commanded in the German language. Many of these men, along with their families, worshipped with Philip William Otterbein at what is now Old Otterbein Church. Otterbein himself died less than a year before the Battle of Baltimore and remains buried in the churchyard with a monument placed over his grave in 1913.

The present church structure was erected in 1785, with the nearby parsonage in 1811 and the city's first German Sunday School in 1827. The interior of the church has been remodeled at various times, but the sanctuary remains the oldest in continuous use in Baltimore.

Images

Otterbein United Brethren Church Interior (July 1936)

Otterbein United Brethren Church Interior (July 1936)

Interior view of Otterbein United Brethren Church. | Source: Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division, HABS MD,4-BALT,54--4. | Creator: E. H. Pickering View File Details Page

Otterbein United Brethren Church (July 1936)

Otterbein United Brethren Church (July 1936)

Exterior view of the Otterbein United Brethren Church, 122 West Conway Street. | Source: Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division, HABS MD,4-BALT,54--1. | Creator: E. H. Pickering View File Details Page

Otterbein United Brethren Church (July 1936)

Otterbein United Brethren Church (July 1936)

Exterior view of the Otterbein United Brethren Church from the southeast | Source: Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division, HABS MD,4-BALT,54--2. | Creator: E. H. Pickering View File Details Page

West entrance, Otterbein United Brethren Church (July 1936)

West entrance, Otterbein United Brethren Church (July 1936)

View of the Otterbein United Brethren Church west entrance at the base of the tower | Source: Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division, HABS MD,4-BALT,54--3. | Creator: E. H. Pickering View File Details Page

Street Address:

112 W. Conway Street, Baltimore, MD 21201 [map]

Cite this Page:

Johns Hopkins, “Old Otterbein Church,” Explore Baltimore Heritage, accessed April 24, 2017, http://explore.baltimoreheritage.org/items/show/40.

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